Given underneath is the Summary of the lesson – “ Indigo Summary”.
This story portrays Gandhi’s battle for the unfortunate laborers of Champaran. In those days the greater part of arable land in the Champaran region was partitioned into enormous homes claimed by Englishmen and worked by Indian occupants. The main business crop was Indigo. The landowners constrained all inhabitants to plant 15% of their Indigo and give up the whole Indigo collection as a lease. This was finished by a long-haul contract.
The British didn’t require the Indigo harvest anymore when Germany had created manufactured Indigo. Just to let the laborers out of the 15% arrangement they requested pay.
A few unskilled workers concurred yet the others declined. One of the tenant farmers named Raj Kumar Shukla met Gandhi in such a manner and constrained him to visit Champaran due to the drawn-out bad form of property managers.
Then, at that point, both of them boarded a train for the city of Patna in Bihar. From that point, Shukla drove him to the place of a legal advisor named Rajendra Prasad. Mahatma Gandhi’s unassuming and straightforward clothing made the workers mix up him as another unfortunate laborer.
He studied prior to making any fundamental stride to get those workers equity. It was when the British government rebuffed the individuals who in any condition gave haven to public pioneers or nonconformists.
Gandhi’s appearance and the idea of his central goal spread quickly. Numerous attorneys and worker bunches came in enormous numbers to help him. The legal advisors acknowledged the way that their charges were high and for an unfortunate laborer, it will be maddening.
Gandhi reproached them for gathering huge charges from the tenant farmers. He pushed on advising as this would give the workers enough certainty to battle their dread and figured out how to get equity after a year-long fight for the workers, After that Gandhi likewise made plans for the training, well-being, and cleanliness of the groups of unfortunate workers. He provided them with the illustration of confidence.
Indigo Important Questions CBSE Class 12 English
For what reason did Gandhiji consent to the grower’s proposal of a 25 percent discount to the ranchers? (Delhi 2009)
Answer: Gandhiji had asked the indigo grower for a 50 percent discount to the ranchers however they offered just 25%. Gandhiji actually consented to their deal on the grounds that for him how much the discount was of less significance. More significant was the way that the grower had been compelled to give up a piece of their freedoms. So he consented to their settlement.
How was Gandhiji ready to impact the legal advisors at Champaran? (All India 2009)
Answer: Gandhiji scolded the attorneys for over-charging the unfortunate laborers. At the point when the laborers were so poor and squashed, it was cruel to charge weighty expenses from them. Gandhiji’s benevolent assistance and dedication to the reason for the workers shut the legal counselors down.
How did Gandhiji help the laborers of Champaran? (All India 2009)
Answer: At Champaran, the British property managers constrained every one of the occupants to establish 15% of their holding with indigo and afterward give up the whole reap as a lease.
2. This expanded the hopelessness of the unfortunate inhabitants. In any case, when manufactured indigo was created and the indigo ranch was presently not productive, the landowners acquired new arrangements from tenant farmers to pay the remuneration for setting them free from the 15% game plan.
3. Gandhiji came in right now and through peaceful common defiance, he constrained the property managers to discount 25% of the remuneration cash to the laborers.
Also read: Deep Water Summary
About the Author
Louis Fischer, the son of a fish peddler, was born in Philadelphia on 29 February 1896. After studying at the Philadelphia School of Pedagogy from 1914 to 1916, he became a school teacher.
In 1917, Fischer joined the Jewish Legion, a military unit based in Palestine On his return to the United States, Fischer took up work at a news agency in New York City and met Bertha “Markoosha” Mark (1890-1977). In 1921, when Bertha went to work in Berlin, Fischer joined her a few months later and began contributing to the New York Evening Post as a European correspondent.
The following year, he moved to Moscow and married Bertha. In 1923 their first son George was born (followed by Victor a year later) and Fischer began working for The Nation. He also served as a volunteer in the British Army between 1918 and 1920.